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乐橙官网官网app下载_每课一句:新概念英语第2册第67课

2020-01-11 15:49:27  

乐橙官网官网app下载_每课一句:新概念英语第2册第67课

乐橙官网官网app下载,今天我们接着来看第67课的“每课一句”。

lesson 67 volcanoes

haroun tazieff, the polish scientist, has spent his lifetime studying active volcanoes and deep caves in all parts of the world. in 1948, he went to lake kivu in the congo to observe a new volcano which he later named kituro. tazieff was able to set up his camp very close to the volcano while it was erupting violently. though he managed to take a number of brilliant photographs, he could not stay near the volcano for very long. he noticed that a river of liquid rock was coming towards him. it threatened to surround him completely, but tazieff managed to escape just in time. he waited until the volcano became quiet and he was able to return two days later. this time, he managed to climb into the mouth of kituro so that he could take photographs and measure temperatures. tazieff has often risked his life in this way. he has been able to tell us more about active volcanoes than any man alive.

——选自《新概念英语》第二册,外语教学与研究出版社,1997年10月第1版

注意本句话中的“a river of liquid rock”,这是暗喻手段的运用。

暗喻(metaphor),也叫隐喻,是不用as或like等比喻词,而把甲事物直接当做乙事物来描述的修辞手法。也就是说,这种比喻手法只有本体(tenor)和喻体(vehicle)。其句子结构有:

1、本体+to be+喻体

he is a pig. 他就是头猪。(英语文化里,猪常用来喻指指肮脏、贪吃的人。)

句中的he是本体,a pig是喻体,作者把‘他’比作了‘猪’。

2、喻体+of+本体

i fall upon the thorns of life! 我落入生活的荆棘之中!

句中的本体是life,喻体是the thorns,作者把‘生活’比作了‘荆棘’。

3、用动词或形容词表比喻

动词:he thundered in his sonorous organ tones. 他大发雷霆地怒吼。

句中的动词thunder是用来描述雷声的,但作者却用它来描述人的声音,即把人的‘怒吼’比作了‘雷鸣’。

形容词:i have got one of my sahara thirsts on tonight. 今晚我又觉得像撒哈拉沙漠那样干渴。

句中的形容词是指撒哈拉沙漠,但作者却用它修饰‘干渴’,即把人的干渴程度比作了撒哈拉沙漠般。

注意这句话中的was able to并不是表示“能做某事或会做某事”,而是指“费了好大劲才得以做成某事”,这是be able to do与can do的主要区别之一。

此外,be able to do往往表示“擅长做某事”,而can do更多只是表示“能或会做某事”。